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外国留学生应对新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情心理辅导指南
2020-02-07 19:51  

亲爱的外国留学生:

2020年新春伊始,新型冠状病毒引起了肺炎的爆发。当前,在中国政府的坚强领导下,全国上下齐心协力,正在有序开展疫情防控工作。

面对疫情,国际教育学院为您提供以下心理辅导指南,希望大家在保护自己免受疾病侵害的同时,保持好自己的心理健康,从容应对疫情。

一、怎样做可以减少感染风险呢?

1.保持正常饮食与作息,营养均衡,多喝水。

2. 适当进行身体锻炼。

3. 培养良好卫生习惯,保持室内通风、保暖。

4. 做好自我防护,学习自我检测,发现身体不适及时告知老师。

5. 规律作息,不熬夜。

6.远离感染源,切断传播途径(如洗手,戴口罩,减少旅行等)

二、如何保护个人心理健康

1.减少对疫病的关注频率,减轻因信息过多而造成的心理负担。

2.充分利用我们的休假时间制定计划并依此执行。

3.用积极的自我交谈、锻炼和积极思考来应对消极情绪。

三、在被隔离时该如何调整自己?

1、制定每天常规工作时间表,包括休息时间,娱乐时间,运动时间,进餐时间等。

2、闲暇时通过网络与同学、老师和朋友取得联系,告诉他们自己的当前状况。

3、我们可以成为帮助者,找到帮助他人的方法,并以确保自己安全的方式展现我们自己的能力和力量。

四、如果家人或朋友被隔离,该怎么办?

1、移情:通过电话聆听他们的消极情绪和感受,鼓励他们,使他们感受到陪伴、支持和理解。

2、分享:和他们谈谈自己最近的感受,以便在情感上与他们建立联系,而不是自我埋怨。

五、如果我的家人或我自己的症状似乎是“新型冠状病毒感染肺炎”,该怎么办?

1.如果出现发热,体温低于37.3°C,且没有流行病学史,可以进行自我隔离和观察,对症治疗。

2.如果出现发热、干咳、乏力等症状,体温超过37.3℃,有流行病学史,请务必戴好口罩,保护自己,避免乘坐公共交通工具到就近发热门诊就诊。

3.及时联系我们的老师报告情况。

4.在做这些事情的过程中,自我管理很重要,记住要保持镇定。

六、如果我/我的家人/周围的人接触了“新型冠状病毒感染肺炎”的感染者该怎么办?

1.如果我们接触了感染者,需要配合疾控部门进行居家隔离和医学观察14天。

2.如果我们的家人或我们周围的人已经与感染者接触,请要求他们保持个人和家庭卫生,戴口罩,仔细洗手并进行彻底消毒。

3.及时联系老师报告情况。

面对当前的疫情,首先,我们要听从学校的安排;然后,做好自我隔离和防护;最后,有余力的关心我们周围的人。让我们团结一致,相信情况会很快得到改善!我们坚信,在您的支持和帮助下,我们将能够赢得疫病防控之战!

国际教育学院

2020-02-07

Psychological Support Manual for Foreign Students to Cope with the Novel Coronavirus

Dear foreign students,

The Chinese New Year of 2020 saw an outbreak of pneumonia caused by the novel coronavirus. At present, the prevention and control work across China is being carried out in an orderly manner under the strong leadership of the Chinese government.

Facing the epidemic, the Department of International Education provides you with the following psychological support manual, hoping everyone to take good care of our mental health while protecting yourslef from the disease.

一、How to reduce the risk of infection?

1. Maintain normal diet and rest, nutrition balance, and drink more water.

2. Appropriate physical exercise.

3. To develop good hygiene habits, maintain indoor ventilation, to keep warm.

4. Do a good job in self-protection, learn self-test, and inform the teacher in time when finding physical discomfort.

5. Regular work and rest, do not stay up late.

6. Keep away from the source of infection and cut off the route of transmission (such as washing hands, wearing masks, reducing travel, etc.)

二、How to take care of our mental health

1. Reduce the frequency of attention on the epidemic, and reduce the psychological burden caused by too much information.

2. Make the most of our vacation time to plan and do it accordingly.

3. Use positive self-talk, exercise and positive thinking to deal with negative emotions.

三、How to adjust ourselves in case of being in an epidemic area or being quarantined?

1. Make a regular daily schedule of work hours, including rest periods, entertainment periods, sports periods, taking meals, and so on.

2. Get in touch with our classmates, teachers and friends when we are free by internet, telling them about our current situation.

3. We can become a helper, find ways to help others, and realize our own ability and strength in a way that ensures our safety.

四、What should I do if my family or friends are quarantined?

1. Empathy: listen to their negative emotions or feelings over the phone, encourage them, and make them feel being companioned, supported, and understood.

2. Share: talk about our recent feelings in order to connect emotionally with them, rather than complain about ourselves.

五、What should I do if my family member or I have symptoms that appear to be "novel coronavirus pneumonia"?

1. If fever occurs with body temperature less than 37.3° C, and no previous exposure to the epidemic, self-isolation and observation may be conducted first, and treatment to symptoms should follow.

2. If symptoms such as fever over 37.3°C , dry cough, and fatigue occur with previous exposure to the epidemic, please be sure to wear a mask, protect ourselves, seek immediate medical advice to the nearest fever clinic and avoid taking public transport.

3. Timely contact our teachers to report the situation.

4. In the process of doing these things, self-management is important, remember to stay calm.

六、What should be done if I/my family/those around me have been exposed to those who are infected "novel coronavirus pneumonia"?

1. If we have been exposed to the infected, we need to cooperate well with disease control departments to conduct stay-home self-isolation and medical observation for 14 days.

2. If our family members or people around us have been in contact with the infected, ask them to maintain personal and family hygiene, wear masks, and wash hands carefully and conduct serious disinfection.

3. Timely contact teachers to report the situation.

In the face of the current epidemic situation, first of all, we should obey the arrangement of the academy; then, do a good job of self isolation and protection; finally, spare effort to care about the people around us. Let's unite and believe that the situation will improve soon! We firmly believe that with your support and help, we will be able to win the battle of epidemic prevention and control!

The Department of International Education

2020-02-07

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